Thought and Thinking
Characteristics for critical thinking
Metacognition - thinking about thinking
Identify a purpose for thinking - Take time to understand your purpose and periodically check if the purpose is changing.
Answer a question or solve a problem - Take time to understand and state the question. Identify related questions. Consider different types of arguments to use to present information.
Make assumptions - Identify assumptions and determine
how they are creating a perspective or point of view.
Use intuition to make observations for selecting sufficient data and facts from valid experiences and sources to make clear, precise, reliable, and relevant explanations (facts, concepts, generalizations, definitions, models, relationships, principles, laws).
Identify different perspectives or points of view - take time to contemplate different perspectives. The strengths and weaknesses for each and determine if it is fair and unbiased.
Use related ideas (facts, concepts, generalizations, definitions, models, relationships, principles, laws) - Identify the key ideas used, what their meanings are, if they are being used with precision, and how they relate to other ideas.
Identify inferences, judgments, conclusions, solutions, decisions - Make conclusions which are only supported by observational evidence and reliable sources and check the assumptions and perspectives for consistency.
Identify implications and consequences for conclusions, inferences, judgments, and decisions - Take time to consider consequences and the positive and negative implications for all possible conclusions. Check for consistency and the fit with assumptions and perspectives.